Do municipal courts have jurisdiction over cases that arise in the ETJ?

While a detailed discussion of the jurisdiction of a municipal court is beyond the scope and purpose of this publication, suffice it to say that a municipal court may sometimes hear and decide cases involving territory and persons located or residing in the ETJ. For instance, Government Code Chapter 29 provides municipal courts with jurisdiction over certain criminal cases that occur on property owned by the city but located in the ETJ. TEX. GOV’T CODE § 29.003. And Government Code Chapter 30 provides that a municipal court of record has jurisdiction over criminal cases arising under ordinances authorized by Local Government Code Sections 215.072, 217.042, 341.903, and 551.002. Id. § 30.00005. Those ordinances may be applied outside of a city’s boundaries and, thus, municipal courts of record have jurisdiction over certain criminal cases arising from ordinance violations outside city limits. See Tex. Att’y Gen. Op. JC-0025 (1999); cf. also PPC Enters., Inc. v. Texas City, 76 F.Supp.2d 750, 760, n.8 (S.D. Tex. 1999).

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1. What is the extraterritorial jurisdiction and why was it created?
2. How much territory is encompassed in a city’s ETJ?
3. Why does my city’s ETJ encompass a different amount of territory than provided in state law?
4. What happens to the ETJ when a city annexes property?
5. Should a city have a map showing the boundaries of its ETJ?
6. May cities swap ETJ?
7. May a city apply its ordinances in the ETJ?
8. Do city taxes apply in the ETJ?
9. May qualified voters residing in the ETJ ever vote in a city election?
10. Do city police officers have any authority to make arrests in the ETJ?
11. Do municipal courts have jurisdiction over cases that arise in the ETJ?