What happens to the ETJ when a city annexes property?
Generally, when a city annexes an area, the ETJ “expands with the annexation to comprise, consistent with Section 42.021, the area around the new municipal boundaries.” Id. § 42.022(a); but see, e.g., id. § 42.0225. For example, when a city of 100,000 or more inhabitants annexes an area, its new ETJ would generally comprise the unincorporated area contiguous to the new city boundaries within five miles of the new boundaries. See id. § 42.021(5).

It should be noted that the ETJ of a city may not expand — whether it be by an increase in the number of inhabitants, on request of a landowner, or through annexation — into another city’s ETJ without that city’s consent. Id. §§ 42.022(c), 42.023. And the ETJ of a city generally may not be reduced, unless the city council of the city gives its written consent. Id. §§ 42.022(d), 42.023.

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1. What is the extraterritorial jurisdiction and why was it created?
2. How much territory is encompassed in a city’s ETJ?
3. Why does my city’s ETJ encompass a different amount of territory than provided in state law?
4. What happens to the ETJ when a city annexes property?
5. Should a city have a map showing the boundaries of its ETJ?
6. May cities swap ETJ?
7. May a city apply its ordinances in the ETJ?
8. Do city taxes apply in the ETJ?
9. May qualified voters residing in the ETJ ever vote in a city election?
10. Do city police officers have any authority to make arrests in the ETJ?
11. Do municipal courts have jurisdiction over cases that arise in the ETJ?